Buffalo require different handling to beef cattle because of their unique temperament.

Their handling can affect milk and meat tenderness and quality. Riverine breeds are noted as the best breed of Buffalo for Australian conditions.

Livestock Buffalo watermark

All Breeds

Mediterranean Italian Buffalo

Livestock - Mediterranean Italian Buffalo grazing in a field

The Mediterranean Italian breed was officially recognised in 2000. In the past, the buffalo was widely used as a draught animal; however, they are now raised and selectively bred principally for the production of milk. Lactation lasts on average 277 days, and usually yields 1600–1800kg.

Northern Australian Buffalo

Livestock - Northern Australian Buffalo grazing in a field

Water buffalo were imported into the Northern Territory in the 19th century to provide working animals and meat for the remote northern settlements; however today the northern Australian buffalo is exported to Asian destinations, primarily for meat and milk.

Compared with cattle, buffalo are efficient converters of lesser grade pastures and are capable of producing meat and milk adequately from grass alone without the need for a large concentrate component in the diet.